Jim Keller Becomes CTO at Tenstorrent: "The Most Promising Architecture Out There"by Dr. Ian Cutress on January 5, 2021 9:50 PM EST
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It is high praise when someone like Jim Keller says that your company ‘has made impressive progress, and has the most promising architecture out there’. That praise means twice as much if Keller actually joins the company. Today Tenstorrent is announcing that Jim Keller, compute architect extraordinaire, has joined the company as its Chief Technology Officer, President, and joins the company board.
To our regular audience, Jim Keller is a known expert in all things computer architecture. His history starts at DEC, designing Alpha processors, before moving to a first stint at AMD for two years working to launch K7 and K8. Keller spent four years as Chief Architect at SiByte/Broadcom designing MIPS for network interfaces, four years at P.A. Semi, four years at Apple (A4+A5), then back to AMD for three years two years as Corporate VP and Chief Cores Architect in charge of the new generation of CPU architectures, K12 and Zen. This was then followed with two years at Tesla as VP of Autopilot Hardware Engineering creating the Full Self-Driving chip, then two years as Intel’s Senior VP of the Silicon Engineering Group, before leaving in June 2020. Since his departure from Intel, a number of key industry analysts (and ourselves) have been guessing where Jim would land. He briefly appeared in the audience of Elon Musk’s Neuralink presentation in August 2020, alongside Lex Fridman.
|Jim Keller: Work Experience|
|1998||1999||AMD||Lead Architect||K7, K8|
|1999||2000||SiByte||Chief Architect||MIPS Networking|
|2000||2004||Broadcom||Chief Architect||MIPS Networking|
|2004||2008||P.A. Semi||VP Engineering||Low Power Mobile|
|2008||2012||Apple||VP Engineering||A4 / A5 Mobile|
|8/2012||9/2015||AMD||Corp VP and
Chief Cores Architect
|Skybridge / K12
|2021||Tenstorrent||President and CTO||TBD|
Today Tenstorrent reached out to inform us that Jim Keller has taken the position of President and Chief Technology Officer of the company, as well as being a member of its Board of Directors. Jim's role, based on his previous expertise, would appear to be in the design of future products for the company as well as building on the team at Tenstorrent to succeed in that goal.
CEO Ljubisa Bajic confirmed Jim’s appointment as President and CTO of the company, stating that:
Tenstorrent was founded on the belief that the ongoing shift towards ML-centric software necessitates a corresponding transformation in computational capabilities. There is nobody more capable of executing this vision than Jim Keller, a leader who is equally great at designing computers, cultures, and organizations. I am thrilled to be working with Jim and beyond excited about the possibilities our partnership unlocks.
Tenstorrent is a pure-play fab-less AI chip design and software company, which means that they create and design silicon for machine learning, then use a foundry to make the hardware, then work with partners to create solutions (as in, chips + system + software + optimizations for that customer). For those that know this space, this makes the company sound like any of the other 50 companies out in the market that seem to be doing the same thing. The typical split with pure-play fabless AI chip design companies is whether they are focused on training or inference: Tenstorrent does both, and is already in the process of finalizing its third generation processor.
Founded in 2016, Tenstorrent has around 70 employees between Toronto and Austin. The critical members of the company all have backgrounds in silicon design: the CEO led power and performance architecture at AMD as well as system architecture for Tegra at NVIDIA, the head of system software spent 16 years across AMD and Altera, and there’s expertise from neural network accelerator design from Intel, GPU systems engineering at AMD, Arm CPU verification leads, IO virtualization expertise at AMD, Intel’s former neural network compiler team lead, as well as AMD’s former security and network development lead. It sounds like Jim will fit right in, as well as have a few former colleagues working alongside him.
Tenstorrent’s current generation product is Grayskull, a ~620mm2 processor built on GF’s 12nm that was initially designed as an inference accelerator and host. It contains 120 custom cores in a 2D bidirectional mesh, and offers 368 TeraOPs of 8-bit compute for only 65 W. Each of the 120 custom cores has a packet management engine for data control, a packet compute engine that contains Tenstorrent’s custom TENSIX cores, and five RISC cores for non-standard operations, such as conditionals. The chip focuses on sparse tensor operations by optimizing matrix operations into compressed packets, enabling pipeline parallelization of the compute steps both through the graph compiler and the packet manager. This also enables dynamic graph execution, and compared to some other AI chip models, allows both compute and data transfer asynchronously, rather than specific compute/transfer time domains.
Grayskull is currently shipping to Tenstorrent’s customers, all of which are still undisclosed.
The next generation chip, known as Wormhole, is more focused on training than acceleration, and also bundles in a 16x100G Ethernet port switch. The move from training to acceleration necessitates a faster memory interface, and so there are six channels of GDDR6, rather than 8 channels of LPDDR4. This might seem low compared to other AI chips discussing HBM integration, however Tenstorrent’s plan here seems to be more aligned for more mid-range cost structure, but also offering machine learning compute at a better rate of efficiency than those chips pushing the bleeding edge of frequency and process node (part of this will be in yields as well).
So where exactly does Keller fit in if the current generation is already selling, and the next generation is almost ready to go? In speaking to the CEO, I confirmed that Keller ‘will be building new and interesting stuff with us’. This seems to suggest that the vision with Keller’s involvement is going to be on 2022/2023 hardware in mind, following Tenstorrent’s overriding Software 2.0 strategy that the hardware, compiler, and run-time offer a full-stack approach to sparse (and dense) AI matrix calculations. In Jim’s own words:
Software 2.0 is the largest opportunity for computing innovation in a long time. Victory requires a comprehensive re-thinking of compute and low level software. Tenstorrent has made impressive progress, and with the most promising architecture out there, we are poised to become a next gen computing giant.
Jim Keller officially started last Wednesday, and the official wire announcement is set for 1/6, but we've been allowed to share in advance. Our request for an interview with Jim has been noted and filed, potentially for a few months down the line as the company has some more details on its platform and roadmap (I’ve also asked for an up-to-date headshot of Jim!). For those interested, I interviewed Jim back in July 2018, just after he started at Intel – you can read that interview here.
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Machinus - Tuesday, January 5, 2021 - linkDo we know how much he contributed to Zen3, and if so, can we get a comment on that accomplishment now that it's out?
Ian Cutress - Tuesday, January 5, 2021 - linkIt's understood that while he was the lead of both teams, K12 and Zen, and built the teams, he actually spent most of his time dealing with K12. I would like to nail this down once and for all; he might still be under NDA. Isn't the usual 3-5 years after you leave a company?
anonomouse - Tuesday, January 5, 2021 - linkNDAs don't have to have a time limit, and it depends on the kind of information. Confidential/proprietary/"trade secret" information can be protected indefinitely.
Deicidium369 - Tuesday, January 5, 2021 - linkMost enforceable NDAs do have a shelf life.
Hifihedgehog - Thursday, January 7, 2021 - linkYou do forget government classified, top secret work. Though not necessarily a NDA in the classical public company sense, you are held to strict silence for life or until such things are fully declassified.
dotjaz - Thursday, January 7, 2021 - linkThat's not *an* NDA. So what's your point?
InfinityzeN - Sunday, January 10, 2021 - linkAs someone who spent the last 8 years of his military career both handling the read on/off and informing people of the legal requirements, I can tell you for a fact that it is not for life. Top Secret is the longest at 50 years. Lower level time restrictions last significantly shorter.
Gigaplex - Wednesday, January 6, 2021 - link"Which product did you work on" isn't a trade secret worthy of protecting indefinitely.
ikjadoon - Wednesday, January 6, 2021 - linkIs K12 any closer to a single press release?
Soon, it’ll be significantly slower than its competing ARM CPUs. Unless AMD has kept iterating K12, I don’t know if most of Keller’s efforts actually will ever ship.
Apple released A4/A5 right on schedule: they had to. Is AMD *really* going to sit on a high-perf ARM architecture until it’s already obsolete?
My hopes are dim for K12, some half-decade later.
mode_13h - Wednesday, January 6, 2021 - linkNow that AMD would have to pay license fees to you-know-who, they might skip ARM and go straight for RISC-V.