Rethinking watchOS

watchOS 1 was good as a first attempt at creating an operating system for smartwatches, especially when one considers that the idea of what a smartwatch is was still up in the air at that time. However, there were obvious issues with the interface, and when I think about the changes that Apple has made since that time it’s apparent to me that these issues stemmed from that unsureness about what would actually define smartwatches as a product. watchOS 2 didn’t really make many big improvements to the overall UI and interaction model on the Apple Watch. It only came out around half a year after the launch of watchOS 1, and much of the focus was on fixing the really serious flaws in the operating system, as well as deploying the WatchKit API so developers could design applications that actually run on the Apple Watch's hardware instead of remotely on the paired iPhone.

With watchOS 3, Apple is taking the opportunity to re-evaluate initial decisions made about how watchOS works. After one and a half years since of the Apple Watch being in the hands of consumers, there’s a better understanding of how users actually use smartwatches. It turns out that some of the big features that Apple advertised with the original Apple Watch have basically gone unused, and have been de-emphasized in the operating system as a result. In doing so, Apple has opened up parts of the interface for new features to be added based on what features users actually do utilize.

When upgrading to watchOS 3 or starting up a new Apple Watch, the interface looks just like watchOS 1 and 2. However, there are some obvious changes that Apple has made, starting with the addition of new watch faces and complications. There are two new Activity watch faces, along with a Minnie Mouse watch face to complement the existing Mickey Mouse face, and a new minimalistic watch face called Numerals. Apple has also made it easy to switch between watch faces by swiping from the edges of the display. I’ve found this to be quite useful, as I like having the Activity Digital face available, but it’s quite dense with information so I often use the Numerals watch face and swipe over to Activity in a situation where it’s more relevant. This wouldn’t be feasible with the previous model of force touching the display and swiping over to another face, which still exists but is really only useful to access the customization options for each face.

Beyond the watch faces, users will notice changes when they first try to open the old glances screen or the friends screen that was triggered by the pill-shaped button on the side of the case. Both of these functions no longer exist in their original form. In the case of the friend screen, you can now send messages and use Digital Touch to communicate with anyone via the Messages app. This definitely makes it more difficult to access these features compared to before where it was a single button press away, but in my experience the only time I ever saw that screen was by accident when the watch failed to recognize my double tap on the side button to access Apple Pay.

As for glances, the screen has been removed from the operating system, but the core idea lives on in another form. In theory, glances provided a way to quickly access relevant information from applications. In practice, they often ended up being a strange middle point between the concept of a complication and a full blown app. In some situations, they would display information relevant to the current context, like the current song in the now playing glance, or the weather in the weather glance, and you could tap them to open their associated application. Others like the heart rate glance didn’t have any associated application, and basically acted like an application that was only accessible from the glances screen. There was also the issue of applications not being loaded when tapping on a glance, which would lead to a huge delay and sometimes a loss of context when the application finally loaded.

watchOS 3 introduces a new app caching model that makes glances obsolete for the most part. However, it’s still necessary to have a way to quickly access commonly used applications. To solve this problem, Apple has introduced a new app switcher called the Dock which can be accessed using the pill-shaped button that was previously used to access the friend screen. This screen can have up to ten applications which are selected by the user, plus one slot for the most recently used application that isn’t pinned in the list. These applications are kept cached in memory, which means they can be rapidly resumed when opened. This provides quick access to common applications, while also solving many of the issues that the Apple Watch has had with long app load times. In general, you’ll only use a small number of Apple Watch applications frequently, and being able to keep ten of them cached in memory with near-instant loading alleviates the load time issues for those key applications.

With Glances gone, Apple was able to make a new screen accessible by swiping up on a watch face. The new screen is essentially a version of Control Center for watchOS, and it expands upon a similar feature that existed in the Glances screen in previous versions of watchOS. By implementing the screen more like an application and less like a glance, Apple is able to add more functionality by making it a scrollable layout. There’s now a view that displays the current battery level, which is useful now that there’s no Glance to provide the same information. There’s also a button to manually lock the watch, and on the Series 2 a button that is used to eject water from the casing via the speaker after the watch has been submerged.

Pressing the Digital Crown still brings you to the Carousel screen, but as I mentioned above, the Dock provides access to most of the apps that a person uses frequently, so it’s not often that one has to go to the Carousel and try to tap on tiny icons to open apps. With that in mind, it is kind of odd that the button which is most analogous to the iPhone’s home button brings you to a screen that you rarely want to go to, but I suppose that the removal of the friend screen meant that putting the Dock in its place was the most reasonable decision rather than also changing how Carousel is accessed just so the Dock would be tied to the Digital Crown.

In general, the new application caching in watchOS 3 has made applications genuinely useful where they weren’t previously simply due to long load times or issues with the app never loading at all. The improvements made to the SiP in Series 2 also play a large role in speeding up app load times when apps aren’t cached in memory. However, as someone who used the original Apple Watch on watchOS 1 and 2, the awful performance back then has essentially conditioned me to not use applications on the watch, and I’ve had to actively think about using the apps on the watch now that they’re actually reliable. This won’t be an issue for new adopters, but I think anyone who is familiar with the original app experience on the Apple Watch will have the same aversion to using the apps that I do. In that sense, it’s important for Apple to maintain the quality of the user experience in order to mend the trust of users who were turned away by the problems that existed in the past.

Display watchOS 3.0: Health and Fitness
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  • Alexey291 - Friday, December 30, 2016 - link

    But most of them wore a watch.

    That's the thing. The world IS changing. Constantly. The watches are on the way out. Have been for a long time.
  • sorten - Tuesday, December 20, 2016 - link

    BTW, they only sold 1.6M in the second quarter.
  • name99 - Tuesday, December 20, 2016 - link

    AKA the quarter when everyone was waiting for the next release...
    Not very interesting. ESPECIALLY for the early adopter phase of the lifecycle, when EVERYONE who bought an Apple watch is keenly following when the next one will come out.

    Compare with iPhone 1 first year:
  • fanofanand - Wednesday, December 21, 2016 - link

    I don't know how much Apple is paying you to troll (I suppose iSheep do it for free) but watches and phones are VERY different markets.
  • name99 - Wednesday, December 21, 2016 - link

    Christ you are blind.
    A "phone" is a pocket computer. A "watch" is a wrist computer. An Airpod is an in-ear computer.
    They're all damn computers, they'll gain functionality (and desirability) with the inevitable march of time.

    You guys like to ha-ha about stupid Thomas Watson and his "market for five computers" or stupid Ken Olson and his "no reason anyone would want a computer in their home" but you think in EXACTLY the same way --- and with 70/40 more years experience you have a hell of a lot less of an excuse.
  • goatfajitas - Thursday, December 22, 2016 - link

    Shave that neck son.
  • fanofanand - Thursday, December 22, 2016 - link

    When you cannot provide logic I guess you resort to name-calling. Either he is the most die-hard dyed in the wool Apple supporter or he's receiving checks out of Cupertino.
  • FunBunny2 - Thursday, December 22, 2016 - link

    -- They're all damn computers, they'll gain functionality (and desirability) with the inevitable march of time.

    sure. if they plug into a wall socket and have big screens. wearables, of any kind, fail on both counts. batteries have not had, and have no foreseeable, order of magnitude increase in power density in many decades. as SEC filings say, past performance is no indication of future results.
  • BrokenCrayons - Tuesday, December 20, 2016 - link

    I generally agree with the consensus that wearable tech devices don't have much momentum left at this point. Three of my coworkers purchased fitness bands and smart watches. Two of them quit wearing them after a couple of months. The third is planning keep this smart watch for the time being, but isn't certain a replacement is worth the trouble. Outside of my one remaining holdout coworker, I don't even know anyone that wears a watch of any sort and I haven't seen a smart watch in the wild outside of one of my coworkers.
  • Ikepuska - Tuesday, December 20, 2016 - link

    I would say that certain industries tend to wear watches more than others nowadays, outside of the high end or collector market. I can tell you that where I currently work, everyone I know wears watches. But we also work outside a lot, work long hours and need to keep track of time the whole way through. I also have a few co-workers who collect watches. Of the two that I know how much they've spent, one has about 30k, another almost 100k invested in watches. Admittedly these are collections built over 10+ years. So I suspect that watches are a bit like physical books. Certain industries buy them more than others, and there are a few people who spend the vast majority of the money.

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